Sunday, April 15, 2018

The Chesapeake Bay in Focus by Tom Pelton - Book Review

The structure of Chesapeake in Focus: Transforming the Natural World by Tom Pelton (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2018, 280 Pages, $24.95/19.31) is designed to appeal to both the general reader and to the environmental specialist. In undertaking to appeal to two audiences who share similar concerns, but not identical levels of expertise or understanding, author Tom Pelton has taken on a difficult task, which he, largely, achieves. In each section, he seeks to maintain a focus divided between the various constituencies involved, aware of the contextual history of the use and misuse of the Chesapeake Bay, and describing the efforts to save the Bay from both those who love it and those who couldn’t care about it one way or the other.

The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States. At least a dozen rivers contribute to its 200 mile long course through Maryland to the sea, with the Susquehanna River, originating in Lake Otsego, in central New York as the largest. Other major rivers include the James, Patuxent, Potomac, and many more. The opening section of the book takes readers to each of the major tributaries to Chesapeake Bay, telling something of its historical and ecological importance, as well as describing its beauty and degradation. As I read, I realized that my own acquaintanceship with the Bay and its contributing rivers goes deep into my own life.

As a youngster, I attended a camp on Lake Otsego, the source of the Susquehanna River, the largest and longest river flowing into and helping form Chesapeake Bay. My early Susquehanna canoeing experience was on a river usually no wider than 25 or 30 feet, at the end of the day skinny dipping in it with my friends. As a high school student, I sailed the upper reaches of the Bay with my mother and sister in small sailboats based near Northeast, MD. As a young married couple, Irene and I spent a wonderful weekend on the Eastern Shore with a school classmate’s family, and later camped on the James river for a weekend with them. As adults we’ve camped on the eastern shore near the Chesapeake Bay Bridge Tunnel, crossing the bridge several times on our way to Myrtle Beach. We’ve walked the shores of the Potomac with our friend Katy Daly and visited Washington, DC, Williamsburg with our kids, and Annapolis. The Chesapeake Bay has often been part of the background of our lives. And it’s been slowly dying for decades, killed by farmers, watermen, politicians, developers, cities, politicians, and more, each seeking to meet their own needs, while ignoring the environmental, recreational, health, and safety needs of a 200 mile long body of water that has been a part of our history since before English explorers landed there in 1607.

Pelton begins the story by describing the Bay and its constituent tributaries, the rivers feeding it and the lands surrounding them. To do this, he must describe cities placed along the river which often introduce raw sewage into the river, farms whose owners permit runoff from commercial fertilizer and animal excretion, factories that allow dangerous chemicals to enter into the river, and developers who build along the Bay as well as in the great suburbs around Baltimore, Washington and other cities, allowing rain and sewer runoff to further pollute the Bay. He also describes the rugged independence of farmers and watermen who refuse to accept responsibility for pollution and over fishing. Pelton uses profiles of politicians, farmers, and environmentalists to give a human face to what might otherwise be only dry statistics, although there are plenty of these, also.

In a series of marvelous portraits, he describes the life cycles of crabs, oysters, striped bass, eels, and sturgeon, showing how each species relies on clean water being in the Bay for reproduction as well as being left alone enough to be allowed to reproduce in sufficient numbers to survive. He also profiles some of the humans who use and rely on the Bay to bring the conflicts and needs of various groups into sharper focus.

Finally, Pelton looks at the policy solutions which often place the needs of rural America in conflict with both cities and suburbs as they each seek to function effectively in an ever more competitive economic environment, and in the face of a changing climate that further threatens the life of the Bay and the existence of towns, cities, and institutions located on and near it. In formulating solutions and policy suggestions for saving the Bay, he suggests that without strong regional and national cooperation at the government level, there may be little help for the Bay. He cannot escape the reality that such cooperation in an age of decreasing cooperation and increasing competition for ever scarcer tax dollars make the likelihood of such cooperation visionary beyond current realities. The larger national implications of his policy prescriptions lead inevitably to consideration of national and worldwide action which, sadly, probably won’t happen under current circumstances.

Tom Pelton

Tom Pelton is the host of the public radio program The Environment in Focus. A former staff reporter for the Baltimore Sun and Chicago Tribune, he has also written for the Boston Globe, the Washington Post, Harvard Magazine, and other publications. He has served on the staff of various environmental organizations focused on the Chesapeake Bay.

The Chesapeake Bay in Focus by Tom Pelton, is a readable, useful, and important book for the environmentally aware, those who love the Bay, policy makers, and as a case study of the broader implications of regional, national, and international planning efforts in an age of selfish individualism and political rigor mortise. While at times the narrative gets pretty deep into the policy weeds, it is largely highly readable, even entertaining. Serious readers interested in these issues will find much of value. I was provided a pre-publication electronic copy of the book by the publisher through Edelweiss which I read on my Kindle app in my Amazon Fire.

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Monday, April 2, 2018

Loser's Bracket by Chris Crutcher - Book Review

I met Chris Crutcher at a National Council of Teachers of English convention in Orlando (could have been Anaheim) in the late 1980’s where he was giving a presentation on Young Adult fiction. He was a trim, handsome, athletic looking man who was a school counselor and an athlete. Someone asked him what set young adult fiction aside from other fiction works. He responded, “The length.” I was intrigued, bought a couple of his books and devoured them avidly. I was teaching English at the time and chair of a large English Department in a Pennsylvania school district. I enjoyed the books, thought them useful for non-readers and less able students in our district, and encountered strong resistance to using them as assigned reading when I suggested it to my colleagues. Since heading in other directions, I rarely read Young Adult (also called Adolescent Literature) these days, but when I do, I usually enjoy a good read dealing with the problems of developing young people whose feelings are close to the surface and whose experience is limited, to be interesting and arresting reads while not demanding too much of me. They deal with the real problems adolescents encounter: popularity, over-weight, dis-functional family life, adjustment to sexuality, and maturation, and more. These are all real problems that young people often find it difficult to discuss with adults. Thus the novels can provide help to them, or a platform for such discussions. As such, reading them can be crucial to helping with problems young people are encountering in their real life in ways that can displace the problem onto others they encounter in the pages of a book. They can discuss these issues with other kids or adults who know how to listen in constructive and useful ways. English teachers who say, “I’m a teacher, not a therapist” are missing the point as well as a chance to involve their students in literature which can turn them into lifelong readers.

Loser’s Bracket by Chris Crutcher (Greenwillow Books, 2018, 256 pp, $17.99/9.99) is told in first person narrative by Annie Boots, both a gifted athlete and student, whose life has been fractured. Her mother Nancy is over-weight, an alcoholic and drug abuser. Her sister Sheila a drug abuser in and out of rehab, an absent father, and Sheila’s son, who has his own problems. Nancy has been removed from custody, and Annie has been fostered by an upper middle-class family named Howard, which has its own problems, but, despite the father’s controlling needs to make her a star athlete, which she is anyway, Annie’s in a good situation while yearning to stay connected to her biological family. The story revolves around the interactions between and within these two families and the custody system. Annie describes the situation in breezy, accessible language with a degree of understanding and anxious good humor. She comes across as likable and insightful while trying to deal with her own problems.

In the guise of a book club held at the local library, and definitely not in school, Crutcher includes a chapter about the writing process that, for any student struggling with writing anything contains some of the best advice I’ve ever read about how to achieve a desired outcome, no matter what emerges and how surprising it might be. Annie, carrying all her load of Nancy, her mother, Sheilla, her sister and Sheila’s missing son, as well as her foster parents and all the talents and skills she has remains, as she has been throughout the book, an open conduit to experience with a blockage for internalizing what she learns. As the story moves along, the characters learn that unlike in the books they read to each other, they are the authors of their own stories. Thus, the novel moves the characters and the reader toward an understanding of each of our capabilities for taking charge of our own lives. The disappearance of her brother creates dramatic tension, keeping the story moving forward as does the tension between Annie’s foster parents and within her biological family.

Chris Crutcher

Chris Crutcher is the critically acclaimed author of twelve novels, an autobiography, and two collections of short stories. He has won three lifetime achievement awards for the body of his work: the Margaret A. Edwards Award for Outstanding Literature for Young Adults, the ALAN Award for a Significant Contribution to Adolescent Literature, and the NCTE National Intellectual Freedom Award. Drawing on his experience as an athlete, teacher, family therapist, and child-protection specialist, he unflinchingly writes about real and often-ignored issues that face teenagers today. He lives in Spokane. (Amazon profile)

Chris Crutcher writes stories that address issues not unlike similar issues dealt with in any novel focused on adults, but revolving around the lives, concerns, and developmental problems of teenagers. Telling this story in first person put the reader inside the skin of an adolescent girl facing and surmounting problems that would be difficult for anyone. He uses lively dialogue bringing the kids to life while the adults are not the adult stereotypes often found on television and in lesser books. These are real people living real lives. Loser’s Bracket is not just a good young adult novel, it’s a good novel. I was supplied a digital copy of the book by the publisher through Edelweiss. I read it using my Amazon Fire tablet.

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Friday, March 30, 2018

Sertoma Bluegrass Festival 2018 - Review

Five years ago, the oldest bluegrass festival in Florida, was on its last legs. Attendance had fallen and the Board of Directors was considering dropping the event from its schedule, all designed to support the efforts of  Sertoma International, a century old service club focusing on help in children with hearing problems. Evans Media Source took on the problem, began rebuilding the festival by improving the lineup while providing a more welcoming and diverse environment for those attending. The 2018 version of the Sertoma Bluegrass Festival culminated that effort, filling the campground and increasing the number of day attendees to crowd the performance shed and keep activities alive and interesting over three days of music with five days of fun. 

Covered Dish Supper

The activities began on Wednesday with a corn-hole tournament, bingo, and the covered dish supper that always precedes the opening day of an Evans Media Source festival. Music was provided by Greg Bird with his mellow baritone voice and his Karaoke machine, fried chicken was provided by the promoters, and, despite a somewhat chilly day, a very satisfying day ensued.

Greg Bird

Berna Lou Gibson & Harold Asher

Jeff Scroggins & Colorado

Jeff Scroggins has been a fixture in the western U.S.'s bluegrass world for a generation, winning the National Banjo Championship at Winfield in 1989. Jeff Scroggins & Colorado is his latest effort, featuring his son Tristan, awarded an IBMA Momentum award in 2017 in recognition of his current accomplishments as well as his potential in the future. Ellie Hakanson on fiddle brings her own recognition from the California Bluegrass Association. Meanwhile, Greg Blake continues to anchor the band with one of the finest voices in bluegrass and fine flat picking. Scroggins himself, though a retiring personality, is a first-rate banjo player in a number of styles reflecting broad experience and time spent studying under Alan Munde. Original bass player C.B. Denson joined the band on the present tour. The band is lively, the by-play between Ellie and Tristan amusing, while the music reflects bluegrass and country music from a variety of eras. This is a band you should see, if you haven't already become a fan. 

Jeff Scroggins

Tristan Scroggins

Ellie Hakanson

Jeff Blake and C.B. Denson

C.B. Denson

Greg Blake

The Vocal Trio
Ellie, Greg, Tristan

The Dave Adkins Band

Dave Adkins brings a big personality to the stage, performing with his whole voice and every part of his body. He's assembled a band of Nashville professionals with enough strength and skill to provide him with the support he needs while getting out of his prodigious way. While all displaying excellence, they're smart enough to stay out of the limelight, making him look good. Adkins has learned to take advantage of this approach and bloomed as a solo performer. Not that the band doesn't do a fine job, they're among the best that Adkins could hire for the job. 

Carl Caldwell

Barry Crabtree

Ray Cardwell

Dave Freeman

Dave Adkins

Davie Adkins' Merch Table

Nothin' Fancy

Nothin' Fancy always seems to enjoy its work. As the band has improved in recent years, they've given up some of the clowning the partially defined them, while improving their vocal and instrumental material. They continue to cover terrific music from the Country Gentlemen and Seldom Scene while performing lots of original music, much of it written by Mike Andes, mandolinist and the band spokesman. Chris Sexton's bravura performance of "Orange Blossom Special," featuring some of his classical training as well as impressions of a number of singers and musical styles, continues to be a show highlight. Next year, Nothin Fancy will perform at all Evans Media Source festivals. 

Mike Andes

Chris Sexton

Caleb Cox

Mitchell Davis

James Cox

Andes & Davis

The Cox Brothers

Barbara Martin Stephens Conducts Workshop
about her life with Jimmy Martin

Barbara Martin Stephens

Vintage RV's

Kat Kimbrough-Brake

Irene Shooting

Lorraine Jordan & Carolina Road

Lorraine Jordan & Carolina Road kicked off Friday with plenty of enthusiasm showcasing their hybrid country-grass style, the most recent manifestation of the Lady of Tradition. It's good to see Tommy Long becoming stronger with each performance. The addition of Matt Hooper on fiddle has enabled increased versatility by allowing Josh Goforth to concentrate on guitar and for the band to present twin fiddle pieces.

Lorraine Jordan

Tommy Long

Josh Goforth

Ben Greene

Matt Hooper

Brad Hudson

Williamson Branch

Williamson Branch is a highly gospel oriented, show-style family band based in Nashville. They received strong support from the audience based on their lively, animated performance. 

Kevin Williamson

Melody Williamson

Kadence Williamson

Anthony Howell

Debbie & Kevin Williamson

Melody & Kadence

Doyle Lawson & Quicksilver

Doyle Lawson, approaching age 74, a member of some of the most acclaimed bands in bluegrass history - Jimmy Martin, J.D. Crowe and the New South, and The Country Gentlemen before founding his own band, Doyle Lawson & Foxfire which morphed into Quicksilver, he has been at the center of traditional bluegrass as well as breakthrough bands that changed bluegrass forever. His mentorship has paved the way for so many musicians to go their own way to success that it has become known as the "Doyle Lawson School of Bluegrass."  He continues to tour hard with his carefully structured show featuring lots of bluegrass gospel as well as songs well-know to bluegrass fans while also continually introducing new music. His band is strong at every position, without featuring real stars. All the members, though, stand out in their own right and Doyle makes sure to feature each one. Dobro player and comic foil Josh Swift was named IBMA Dobro Player of the Year in 2017.

Josh Swift

Eli Johnson 

Joe Dean

Dustin Pyrtle

Stephen Burrell

Doyle Lawson

Emcee Jo Odum

Sound Man Josh Griffen Leads a Banjo Workshop

Alligator Alley

Alligator Alley, a regional band from South Florida led off the day on Saturday morning. The band has become a regular part of the Evans Media Source festival scene, holding down a role in the jam tent late into every evening, encouraging new and inexperienced jammers as well as old hands to join in the fun. Meanwhile, with regular performing and constant jamming, they have improved tremendously on the stage. They are a welcome presence for their spirit and their music. 

Justin Mason

Charles Mason

Shawn Mason

Joe Choina

The Vocal Trio
Charles, Justin & Shawn

The Darrell Webb Band

Darrell Webb began his professional career with the Lonesome River Band in 1994. Since then he has toured with Rhonda Vincent, Audie Blaylock, as well as performing guest appearances with Dailey & Vincent and others. With his band, he plays a regular gig at Ole Smokey Distillery in downtown Gatlinburg, TN.  His voice and mandolin play generate excitement wherever he plays. Whether he's singing the Ralph Stanley standard, and one of his signature songs, Little Maggie or Eric Clapton's version of the Robert Johnson classic Crossroad, he's an in-you-face, first rate musician and performer. His songs about the coal miner's life in the Kentucky mines are particularly evocative. This week, Jason Davis played banjo with the group, adding his driving, Scruggs style drive. Jared Hensley is the single most constant player in Darrell's band, bringing strong flat picking and rhythm guitar to the band. Austin Brown on bass is strong. Guest fiddler Tina Ray Miller provided effective singing and playing. 

Jared Hensley

Austin Brown

Jason Davis

Tina Ray Miller

Darrell Webb

Ernie Evans Introduces the Gibson Brothers

The Gibson Brothers

The Gibson Brothers have risen to become one of the most popular and reliable bluegrass bands on the circuit. Rather than present a spectacular show, they feature a seemingly endless catalog of their own songs sprinkled with bluegrass classics reflecting their rural heritage and farm background. They celebrate home, family, and rural life in a modern idiom eping them current and up-to-date. Their brother harmony and brotherly bickering which never slips into areas that would make an audience wince provides humor that works without ever seeming over-prepared or rehearsed. Each of their last eight CD's has reached the top of the charts and remained there for months. And they're genuinely nice people, too. The ensemble they've assembled is deeply experienced, always in tune with them, and top notch. Jesse Brock, on mandolin, is one of the top stylists in the world on his instrument.

Eric Gibson

Leigh Gibson

Jesse Brock

Mike Barber

Clayton Campbell

The Gibson Brothers

At the Merch Table

A Tribute to Buck Owens

The Saturday evening show ended with a tribute to Buck Owens put together by Ernie Evans, largely after he recognized the degree to which Greg Blake could impersonate Owens' voice. Darrell Webb on Telecaster ably played the role of Don Rich. JR Davis played drums with veteran steel player Brian Goodpasture adding the typical country background. The songs were familiar to country fans and were very well received. This late show was rewarded with a standing ovation from the relatively small crowd that remained after this long and rewarding day. 

Greg Blake

Darrell Webb

JR Davis

Brian Goodpasture

Ernie Evans

On Sunday morning, the happy campground took its time leaving. Some people attending Jan Ladd's Sunday gospel sing while others packed and cleared the campground. As usual, the bluegrass crowd left a fairly neat and well picked up grounds behind. The festival was fully satisfying, leaving Ernie and Debi Evans with the un-enviable task of topping it next year.