Friday, July 27, 2012

"The Hour Between Dog and Wolf" by John Coates - Book Review

The Hour Between Wolf and Dog: Risk Taking, Gut Feelings and the Biology of Boom and Bust by John Coates (Penguin Press, 2012, 339 pages, $27.95 in hardcover) takes a presumably prototypical example of how several traders in an un-named brokerage house respond to the pressures of success and failure as they seek to trade their accounts during the period of the crash in the world economy.  He explores the effects of risk taking, winning and losing, and large swings in the movements of the market from the perspective of how our biology effects our ability to make effective decisions.  Coates, a former trader in several large banks, left the investment business to undertake graduate studies in neuro-biology. Now a senior research fellow at Cambridge University, he has devoted his studies to the biology of financial risk taking. This interesting and lively book details the results of his studies, examines the myth of rational market decision making, and suggests solutions to help use the unique effects of our endocrine system on our ability to make decisions in order to reduce the disastrous results of bursting bubbles and out-of-control irrational exuberance in the markets.

Classical economics argues that our market system represents rational responses to changes in market conditions. Rises and declines in the markets are merely responses to alterations in supply and demand. Coates argues that are bodies and minds are completely intertwined, that we make decisions based on emotions generated by our secretion of hormones and neuro-transmitters which govern our minds and bodies based on evolutionary forces developed when man was just barely removed from his animal cousins. Much of the response of traders (and other investors) is based on the secretions generated in the fight of flight response to risk, threat, and danger.  He uses two men, and a quickly disappearing woman, as prototype traders and examines their responses to first, successful trading and then to watching their reactions as the housing, credit, and stock markets tumble in the financial crisis of 2007.

According to Coates "The financial system...balances precariously on the mental health of these risk takers." (pg. 20)  In the case of traders in the midst of a bull market, the combination of testosterone and adrenaline in the system can create a feedback loop with possibly lethal consequences. A series of successful trades results in increased euphoria -> excessive risk taking -> crash   Last week, in a flash of blinding insight while watching an episode of "Wheel of Fortune" it all became clear to me. The contestant, a young, testosterone encrusted male, had successfully identified most of the letters to solve the puzzle, which was mostly revealed, and he had accumulated more than $7500 in cash and prizes. But he refused to solve the puzzle, electing instead to spin the wheel one more time. BANKRUPT! Just as Coates tells us most traders behave.  This behavior was noted by Keynes, although he didn't have the biological knowledge to support it, when he referred to the influence of "animal spirits" in traders. Alan Greenspan, former chairman of the Federal Reserve, called the phenomenon "irrational exuberance." Regardless, body chemicals keep the mind from behaving in a rational fashion, a remenant of the days when humankind relied on such secretions to protect their lives.
A Bond Trading Floor

Coates excels at narration which offers a picture of life on the trading floor making words like "risk," "short selling," and "margin" feel palpable. He turns what seems like an ordinary transaction into a life or death struggle with gut wrenching consequences. He then explains how the body reacts, placing the interaction of the brain and body responses in a different relationship than we now suppose and supporting the existence of a mind-body connection that has existed in our species for thousands of millenia. Contemporary research confirms that body and brain are intimately inter-connected in numerous ways. Primitive functions of the brain respond to situations below the level of consciousness, making reactions and quick responses possible in a world where such responses once saved lives. Today, they make make it possible for experienced traders in various markets to respond to market cues seen while studying their charts on computer monitors which happen below the level of consciousness. Thus, intuition is a learned skill.
John Coates

As a species, our responses become more irrational in an environment of novelty, uncontrollability, and uncertainty, creating what Coates describes as a "massive physiological stress response." (217) Unstated in the book, and rightly so, are the implications of this book for our political decision making, although it may provide insight into why people of both the far left and the far right are prone to seeing the world in terms of massive, but unproven, conspiracies.  Also given lip service, but not fully developed, is the possible balance which could be provided in the board room, on the trading floor, and in politics by the increased participation of women who, because they secrete less testosterone, are less likely to seek red meet and more likely to respond to stress by seeking to nurture and find common ground than to beat their chests, roar, and attack. In fact, in the final chapter, where Coates explores solutions to some of the problems he develops, he hints at the possible role of women, but does not fully develop the theme.

The Hour Between Dog and Wolf: Risk Taking, Gut Feelings and the Biology of Boom and Bust by John Coates examines how decision making in the business world is affected by our primitive, atavistic nature, unchanged through time. It was a most interesting book and highly recommended not only for its applicaation to investment on the trading floor as well as at home, but for its wider implications. The book was provided to me by the publisher through TLC Booktours. It is available on this site through the Amazon portal as well at all other outlets.

Other Stops on John Coates' Book Tour
Tuesday, June 12th: The Rat Race Trap
Friday, June 15th: Cash and Joy
Tuesday, June 19th: The Psychology of Wellbeing
Friday, June 29th: Mind Your Decisions
Sunday, July 15th: Everyone Needs Therapy

Thursday, July 26, 2012

MACC 2012 - Saturday

Saturday at the the MACC is always a joyful day tinged with a bit of sadness. The children will perform in the early morning as performers from Nashville we haven't seen in a year show up for their shows later in the afternoon. The crowd begins to gather in anticipation  of great bands they're familiar with and shows created for them that are only seen at the MACC. The staff is weary, yet excited. Many have been here for more than a week, preparing the grounds and then supporting Darrell and Phyllis Adkins as they work to pull off another show for the worthy cause the festival supports, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. The rhythm of the festival takes on a new urgency. Yet we know that by late this evening, we'll begin the process of breaking down and it will all be over for another year.  Here's the story in pictures.

MACC Children's Band
March to the Stage

 The Price Sisters

 Below is a link to a Google Album containing more pictures of the MACC Children's Band. Enjoy them and help yourself to them:

Snyder & Moore
Isaac Moore

Zeb Snyder

Jacob Moore

 Samantha Snyder

 Daniel Parry
Proud Moms
Laine Snyder & Patty Moore w/ Owen Snyder 

The Bottoms - Rough Camping

Clay Hess Band w/ Mark Newton
Clay Hess

Irl Hees

Ryan Moyers
John Meyer

Brennan Hess

Mark Newton

The Crowe Brothers
Josh Crowe 

Wayne Crowe

 Bryan Blaylock

Steve Sutton

Josh Williams & Randy Barnes Warming Up

The Josh Williams Band
Josh Williams

Randy Barnes

Nick Keen

 Jason Davis

Josh Williams

Volunteers - Gwen & Tracy

Junior Sisk & Rambler's Choice
Junior Sisk

 Chris Davis

Jason Davis

Billy Hawkes

Jason Tomlin

Junior Sisk & Billy Hawkes

Susan Sisk

Mess Tent Wranglers
Jim & Lisa Reid 

 Larry Cordle & Lonesome Standard Time
Larry Cordle

 Kim Gardner

Chris Harris

 Josh Picket

Mike Anglin



Monster Mash
Michael Cleveland

Glenn Gibson

Clay Hess

Steve Sutton

Irl Hees

MACC Opry - Murder on Music Row

For the last few years, Grammy Winner and IBMA Fan Fest Producer Carl Jackson has produced an extravaganza for the culminating event of Saturday night at the MACC. Together with fellow Nashville singer/songwriters Larry Cordle and Jerry Salley, they draw from other performers who appeared on Saturday and others who come to Columbus just for this grand finale.  This year's event was called "Murder on Music Row," the title of a hit song by Larry Cordle, and featured classic country songs from the fifties and sixties, songs which many bluegrass fans revere, love to sing, and miss hearing on the radio.  This year's Opry began with Mark Brinkman singing his song "Letter from Normandy" as a tribute to our men and women in uniform and Bradley Walker singing Trace Adkins moving song "Arlington" and then moved on to a wonderful medley of country songs offered by the assembled singers. Here are some pics:

Mark Brinkman

Bradley Walker

Emcee - Jerry Salley

Ashby Frank

Ashby Frank & Carl Jackson

Val Story

Jerry Salley

Bradley Walker

Val Story

Garnet Imes Bowman

Chris Hill & Tom Feller

Aubrey Haynie

Larry Cordle, Jerry Salley, Irl Hees, Clay Hess

 Mark & Tami Newton

All-Star Bluegrass Jam

Kenny Smith 

Don Rigsby

Glenn Gibson & Terry Baucum

Ronnie Bowman

Terry Baucom

Aubrey Haynie

 Val Story & Carl Jackson

And so it ends for another year. People heard great bluegrass and classic country music while contributing to St. Jude Childrens's Reasearch Hosptical in memory of Mandy Adkins.  If you can only get to one festival in your year, Musicians Against Childhood Cancer is the one to attend. See you next year!